Slide 1

Space in Time: The Lower !Garib/Orange River’s Pasts and Presents (English) / ‘n Plek in Tyd: Die !Garib/ Oranjerivier se Verlede en Hede (Afrikaans)


The Space in Time: The Lower !Garib/Orange River’s Pasts and Presents (English) / ‘n Plek in Tyd: Die !Garib/ Oranjerivier se verlede en hede (Afrikaans) exhibition results from a joint research project involving universities in South Africa, Namibia and Switzerland. It is based on the outcomes of the international conference Space in Time - Landscape Narratives and Land Management Changes in a Southern African Cross-border Region held in Oranjemund in January 2020. The exhibition further draws from an edited volume bringing together the results of the project: The Lower !Garib / Orange River: Pasts and Presents of a Southern African Border Region, edited by Luregn Lenggenhager, Martha Akawa, Giorgio Miescher, Romie Nghitevelekwa and Innocent Ndidzulafhi Sinthumule.

The exhibition consists of 6 panels with the following topics:

  • Panel 1: General Introduction to the !Garib / Orange River
  • Panel 2: Pre-colonial networks along and across the river
  • Panel 3: Irrigation and Farming
  • Panel 4: The Lower !Garib / Orange River as an international border
  • Panel 5: Bridges and Pontoons
  • Panel 6: Diamonds and Mines

The exhibition was launched in Namibia, in Keetmanshoop (W.K. Rover Hall) on Saturday the 17th of February 2024, in Oranjemund (Jasper House Museum) on Monday the 19th of February 2024, in Karasburg (Karasburg Business Park) on Tuesday the 27th of February 2024 and in Windhoek (University of Namibia) on Monday the 04th of March 2024. A copy of the poster exhibition remained with the local institution/museum to exhibit for a longer period.

The mobile exhibition (in English) and poster exhibitions (in English and Afrikaans) are available for loan from the Museums Association of Namibia.  Click here to download the mobile exhibition loan form.



The Lower !Garib, or Orange River, flows through the historical Namaqualand and since 1990 has formed the international border between Namibia and South Africa. The contributors to this volume focus on this hardly discussed stretch of the Orange River to understand the region's social history, geography, and economy. This book brings together scholars from Namibia, South Africa, and overseas, as well as the knowledge and analysis of people living in the region. In concise chapters and short portraits, they discuss the region's past and present from a variety of perspectives.

Published in 2023 by Transcript Verlag.

Download the book for free, here.

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Tuesday, 16 July 2024