Museums Association of Namibia
The Museums Association of Namibia (MAN) is an umbrella organisation that represents all Namibian museums. As a representative body it supports museums in various ways such as in the field of training, funding and the networking of professionals.
In anticipation of Namibian Heritage Week, the University of Namibia recently hosted a major three day Conference to consider `The Past, Present and Future of Namibian Heritage’. The Conference was organized in collaboration with the Museums Association of Namibia and the University of Basel of Switzerland.
The Conference was divided into twelve sessions with the topics including the meaning of heritage in a Namibian context, the debate around collaboration and the possible repatriation of artifacts from collections abroad, the role of public art in contemporary society and the challenges to providing suitable training to support capacity-building in the heritage sector.
The Conference started with over a hundred participants being welcomed by Prof Frednard Gideon, the Pro Vice-Chancellor for Academic Affairs and Dr Bennett Kangumu, the Chairperson of the National Heritage Council of Namibia.
Prof Gideon emphasized the fact that the Conference was one of the fruits of an official partnership that UNAM had forged with the University of Basel. He praised the Carl Schlettwein Stiftung (Foundation), the main sponsor of the Conference, for its consistent support for the development of Namibian research and noted that over fifty Namibians had already obtained postgraduate qualifications thanks to scholarships provided by the Foundation.
Dr Kangumu argued that `cultural heritage’ should not be viewed as, simply, part of Namibia’s tourism package, but that it lies at the heart of economic development in Namibia. Dr Kangumu’s argument was later taken up in presentations by Mr Elliot Mowa and by Dr Angel Tordisillas who spoke about the ways in which the Oranjemund Shipwreck and the National Maritime Museum (being developed at Lüderitz) can be magnets for economic growth in the towns.
The Conference involved a diverse range of contributors with 58 people participating in twelve panels and lots of time being provided for discussions from the floor. In addition to the presentation of forty papers, there was also a panel discussion on training and a book launch (of The Genocidal Gaze). The Conference was only advertised through the networks of the three organizing institutions, but generated tremendous interest.
Whilst the original budget catered for ninety participants it was eventually stretched to enable 120 people to participate and Mr Diddy Muifi, the Conference Organiser (from the Museums Association of Namibia) said that he is sure that, if it had been possible, many more people would have attended.
One of the central features of the Conference was that it encouraged the breaking of boundaries. Dr Sem Shikongo and PaPa Shikongeni opened the Conference with an appeal that the Conference should draw on traditional belief systems and not just be an intellectual exercise. They argued that drawing on African roots would help participants to `re-think’ their sense of identity. Axaro Thaniseb spoke about the way in which the Government’s new Arts, Culture and Heritage Policy had been developed through a consultative process.
Catherine Cole, the Secretary-General of the Commonwealth Association of Museums introduced the discussion of the ways in which museums, whose collections were often entangled with colonial history, could be refashioned for the twenty-first century.
The theme was taken up in the second session which included discussion about the statue of the Curt von Françoise in Windhoek, the Swakopmund Museum, the `Witbooi Bible’ in the Linden Museum in Stuttgart and the ways in which art might be used to ask new questions about museum collections. Issues about the ways in which, what was termed as the `Namibian Diaspora’.
Discussions about the ways in which Namibian museums and communities might engage in dialogue with collections in museums and archives abroad was developed in presentations dealing with collections in Berlin, Bremen, Frankfurt in Germany, Basel and Berne in Switzerland and Vienna in Austria.
The engagement with cultural heritage covered a wide range of topics. For example, Hertha Bukasa, the Culture Officer for Otjozondjupa Region spoke about the skills in making the traditional `Herero dress’, whilst Moses Mberiria gave a presentation on the significance of hairstyles. Ms Lovisa Nampala and Ms Nehoa Kautondokwa made an appeal for the preservation of the Oompampa (traditional graves) of the Aakwaniilwa (Kings) of the Ovambo Kingdoms of the north, using the Kingdom of Ondonga as an example.
An important fringe event to the Conference was provided by Dr Marion Wallace, the author of `The History of Namibia’ and a member of the editorial board of the Journal of Southern African Studies. She provided UNAM staff and other local researchers with advice and tips on how to get published in academic journals.
The Conference also sought to break barriers by engaging the Namibian art sector with the museum community. Presenters supported the idea of the Museum of Namibian Music as a way of discussing, celebrating and preserving our `intangible’ musical heritage. For example, there was a presentation by Ms Welhemina Suro Ganuses and Dr Sian Sullivan about the fading tradition of flute music amongst the community of Sesfontein. Whilst `Baby’ Doeseb spoke about the cultural influence of South African music on Namibian popular music.
Dialogue between the participants was the core aim of the Conference and a braai organized by UNAM history students provided a great opportunity for this. Participants were also entertained by a stunning performance of capoeira dancing (the roots of which lie in the `play fighting’ traditionally performed by communities in northern Namibia and southern Angola.
In the final panel Ms Nashilongweshipwe Mushaandja performed a powerful and passionate speech that accused museums and heritage institutions of being instruments of oppression. He, metaphorically, argued that museums should be blown up to create a space for new forms of cultural expression that would be more tolerant of diversity and freedom of speech. Ms Ndeenda Shivute demonstrated the way in which public art can be used to stimulate public debate about contemporary issues, whilst Ms Nikhita Winkler argued for the importance of dance and culture in society. The Conference closed with a bang, not a whimper, and left the participants buzzing with energy and inspired to continue their engagement with the heritage sector with its multiple possibilities.
“We are trying to use teaching about the past as a platform to teach tolerance within the Namibian community.”
Click here to read the full interview on the UNESCO website.
An interview with Ndapewoshali Ashipala on education about the Holocaust and genocide in Namibia.
Namibian Heritage Week 17 – 23 September 2018 Grant Application guidelines
1. What is Namibian Heritage Week?
Heritage Week is an opportunity for Namibians to showcase our heritage. The week encourages all Namibians to celebrate and commit themselves to protect our wonderful natural and cultural resources. Namibia’s major heritage institutions have joined together as a team to organize Namibian Heritage Week. As an umbrella organisation for museums country wide, the Museums Association of Namibia (MAN) facilitates regional activities through its members during this week.
This year, the theme for Heritage Week is “Tu Ruganeni Kumwe” which means “Let’s work together” in Rukwangali. The Heritage Week Team decided that each year the theme for heritage week will use a local indigenous language as part of our commitment to promoting pride in our cultural diversity. The planned activity should reflect the theme of Namibian Heritage Week.
2. What is the Heritage Week Fund?
The Heritage Week Fund is available for MAN’s institutional and associate members who are interested in creating a programme of activities for Heritage Week. The maximum grant that can be awarded to each member is N$10,000. The grants are being provided this year with funding provided by the National Arts Council of Namibia. We encourage the co-ordination of activities within a region and encourage members to seek partnerships and additional sponsorship for their events.
3. Is your museum/organisation eligible for a Heritage Week Grant?
Applicants must be fully paid up Institutional or Associate members of the Museums Association of Namibia for the calendar year for which the application is made. Please note that grants are not available to individual members and that no funds will be paid into personal bank accounts.
4. What activities can be funded?
Activities in the following categories might be funded:
• Traditional Skills Demonstrations
• Promotional Material
• Temporary Exhibitions
• Activities and Educational Materials for schools
• Storytelling and Presentations
• Guided tours for school groups
• Cultural performances
5. What are the grant conditions?
5.1 All grant applications must be typed. No handwritten applications will be accepted.
5.2 A museum/organisation should not have any outstanding reports pertaining to previous MAN grants received.
5.3 Funds must only be spent for the purposes outlined in the Heritage Week Grant Application. Only activities that take place during the Namibian Heritage Week will be funded. (17 – 23 September 2018)
5.4 The MAN logo should appear on all promotional material produced for the week.
5.5 Successful grant applicants must submit a full narrative and financial report within two weeks of the end of Heritage Week. The financial report must include the original receipts to account for all expenditure. Any money which is not adequately accounted for must be returned to MAN.
5.6 In the event that Heritage Week Activities are cancelled, please inform the Operations Manager immediately and return any unspent funds.
6. How do I apply for a grant?
Complete the application form, and attach all the required documents such as quotations and cost calculations and send it to >
7. How are grant applications assessed?
Each grant application is assessed on its own merits and in the context of other applications, and against the Grant Assessment Criteria listed above.
8. When will we know if we are successful?
All applicants will be notified 2 weeks after the deadline
9. When are applications due?
The deadline for applications is 15 July 2015 at midnight. No late applications will be considered.
Archaeologists have been excavating ancient human settlements in Africa for many years. Archaeological research has helped build our knowledge of pre-colonial Africa based on the objects that have been uncovered. The excavations also involved the removal of human remains from ancient graves and the study of these skeletons has given insight into subjects such as the diet of these ancestors and the cause of their death.
However, in the early colonial period, some museums also sought human remains as `specimens’ of racial types that contributed to theories of racial hierarchies and the construction of racial stereotypes. Bodies were often obtained in an unethical way with bodies removed from recent graves (or even before they were buried) without the consent of their family. The University of Namibia recently hosted a workshop that bought together museum workers, academics and community activists to discuss a regional approach to the sensitive issue of human remains in museum collections.
The workshop was funded by the Commonwealth Association of Museums (CAM) and the International Council of Museums (ICOM). The workshop provided an opportunity to start a `conversation’ in Southern Africa about the best way to develop guidelines. It was argued that it was important that people who had been `collected’ as `specimens’ were `rehumanised’ so that their bodies are treated with dignity and respect. The workshop was particularly timely as IZIKO Museums of South Africa have identified almost 160 `unethically’ collected human remains, the majority of which were collected from Namibia.
The collection reflects a particular focus on obtaining bodies from the San and Nama communities as, in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century, it was believed that these communities would become `extinct’. However the collection also includes a significant number of human remains from northern Namibia that were collected after Ondjala yekomba (`the famine that swept’) of 1914-1916. European museums are also reviewing their collections and have already started returning human remains. The most prominent recent examples have been the return of fifty-five individuals from German museums to Namibia in 2011 and 2014 and the reburial of Koos and Trooi Pienaar in South Africa in 2012 following the return of their bodies from the Museum of Natural History in Vienna, Austria.
Ms Veno Kauaria, the Deputy Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture, who officially opened the workshop, set the tone for discussions by raising some important questions. “How do we decide whether human remains in our collection were obtained ethically? How do we find out whose human remains are in our museums, how old they are and how they got there? What should be the time period after which human remains can be legitimately excavated for research purposes . . . 150 years? 200 years? 1,000 years? When, if ever, might it be justified to display human remains in our museums?
How do we decide what should happen to unethically collected human remains after they are returned to our countries or found in our museums? Do we give them a Christian burial, even if they were not Christians? Should we not grant them the respect of a proper burial to recognise that they were people and not specimens? Who should be consulted and how? What do we do when there is insufficient information to trace the descendants? Should unethically collected human remains be returned, as far as possible, to their place of origin ?”
Dr Rudo Sithole, the Secretary-General of the African Council of Museums provided the keynote address and highlighted the fact that it would be useful if museums in Africa could collaborate to develop appropriate guidelines to deal with the issue. The current project is developing tools to help facilitate this conversation, particularly in Southern Africa.
CAM provided funding to place a Canadian intern, Ms Paige Linner, with the Museums Association of Namibia for six months. Ms Linner assisted with the development of a small mobile exhibition that will be used as an educational tool by UNAM and that could be used to help facilitate community consultations. Additionally the project has set up a web site, www.humanremainsinsouthernafrica.org, that will be used to share relevant guidelines and policies as well as readings and educational materials and that will expand with the project. It is proposed that a further workshop should take place in Botswana in 2019.
On the 19th-20th February 2018, the Museums Association of Namibia (MAN) hosted a stakeholder’s workshop in Omuthiya, Namibia as the first step towards the development of The Museum of Namibian Music. This museum will be the first of its kind in Namibia. The development of the museum is one of the four components in a project entitled Museum Development as a Tool for Strengthening Cultural Rights in Namibia (MDTSCRN),
funded by the European Union and implemented by MAN that was launched in Windhoek on the 27th November 2018.
The European Union will provide 237,025.00 Euros over a two-year period to support activities being implemented by the Museums Association of Namibia to support regional museum development. The workshop was an information-sharing session that brought together 29 stakeholders in the form of musicians across all cultures,genres and demographics, archivists, culture officers from the Directorate of Heritage and Culture Programs, music lecturers from COTA, UNAM and APC, tourism and intellectual property experts from the Ministry of Environment and Tourism and NASCAM, museum experts, composers and musicologists.
The workshop covered issues relating to the development and sustainability of the museum: collecting or reproducing traditional musical instruments, developing a `dream’ for the museum, marketing the museum to the Namibian public, archiving Namibian music and memorabilia (such as posters and LP covers), the role of music during the liberation struggle, gospel music in Namibia, collecting and policy development, exhibitions to be showcased in the museum and the languages that they are to be written in and the facilities that the museum should offer to the general public.
The workshop was held in Omuthiya which will be the home of the museum. The Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture has availed a state of the art building in Omuthiya to house the museum and music archive. The chosen venue is in line with MAN’s commitment to decentralize development and create employment and economic growth in different communities across the country. The museum will be an educational and entertainment hub for all Namibians, also encouraging domestic and foreign tourism. MAN hopes to develop a museum that will be informative, educational, interactive and sustainable in a way that will encourage multiple visits.
The Museums Association of Namibia is inviting musicians and members of the public to assist by identifying musical instruments, recordings, photographs or stories that might be included in the museum. If you require further information please contact Ms Ndapewoshali Ndahafa Ashipala at the Museums Association of Namibia on 061-302230 or museums @iway.na
The Museums Association of Namibia in collaboration with the European Union and the Ministry of Education, Arts and Culture would like to invite you to the official launch of the `Museum Development as a Tool for Strengthening Cultural Rights in Namibia’ Project to be launched by Her Excellency, Jana Hybaskova, Ambassador of the European Union to Namibia.
Date: Monday, 27th November 2017
Venue: JoJo’s Music and Art Café, Craft Centre/Old
Breweries Complex, Garten Street, Windhoek
RSVP: Ndapewoshali Ndahafa Ashipala,
Museums Association of Namibia
Tel: +264 61 302230>
*Refreshments will be served.*
Members of MAN and of ICOM Namibia have a great opportunity to attend an international Conference being hosted by Namibia. The International Committe for Training of Personnel (ICTOP) Conference brings together colleagues from all over the world who are training museum workers. It will take place on 11th-13th October at the Safari Conference Centre and the University of Namibia. The theme of the Conference is 'Curators and Communities'. Namibians should complete the registration form and return it to MAN with proof of payment before 1st September, 2017. Be part of the global conversation that will help us all make museums matter !
Below you will find two documents;
1. The Interactive ICTOP Registration Form
2. An announcement of ICTOP Fellowships to support people wishing to attend the Conference.
We're pleased to announce that, during the Tri-annual Conference of the Commonwealth Association of Museums (CAM) held in June 2017 in Canada, our very own Dr Jeremy Silvester was elected to serve a three year term on the CAM Board.
The Board also includes representatives from Canada, Guyana, India, Kenya, Pakistan, New Zealand and the UK. We believe that this marks a recognition of the innovative work that Dr Silvester has been doing in the museum sector in Namibia.
Congratulations on your appointment Jeremy!
The Museums Association of Namibia in collaboration with the Embassy of Finland in Namibia and the Climate Change Exhibition Working Group, would like to invite you to the Official Launch of the “Changing Climate, Changing Namibia” Mobile Exhibition
Date: Thursday 27th April, 2017
Venue: Habitat Research & Development Centre
RSVP: Ndapewoshali Ashipala
Tel: +264 61 302230
* Refreshments will be served *